Aluminum Applications in Europe and Civilian Ships
The boats are the main Transportation in the water. Due to the low density of aluminum and aluminum alloys, steel is about 1/3 of the seawater corrosion resistance strong and good working formability and weld ability, so since 1888, the industrial production in the United States and Switzerland after The fourth year was used in the manufacture of boats, aluminum for the first time on a plane than two years it's still early.
Metallurgical industry is a leader and basic shipbuilding industry, with the development of the metallurgical industry, the end of the 1920s the aluminum industry as shipbuilding industry provides relatively high corrosion resistance Al-Mg alloy, so the aluminum used in the shipbuilding and re-developed.
Marine material (9): aluminum applications in Europe and the civilian ship in August 1931, the British created the "Diana Ⅱ" number (DianaⅡ) aluminum yacht, is the world's first ship, gleaming silver, made of aluminum - magnesium alloy, length 16.75m, width 3.65m, draft 1.74m, used for over 20 years later, still intact, hull no corrosion. 1955 On display at the exhibition in London this aluminum yacht. After "Diana Ⅱ" No, Canada, Sweden, the United Kingdom but also have built a number of aluminum boats. Since the aluminum used in shipbuilding, promote the development of hydrofoil. Built in 1958 the Soviet Union, "Lake Tai" sign (Paketa) hydrofoil passenger boat, carrying 66 people, hard aluminum hull material; in 1959 they built a passenger 130 to 150 people, "Mei Joule" ( ) No. Meteor hydrofoil passenger boats, long 34.4m, maximum speed 80km / h, the hull material is duralumin, riveting, they later built hydrofoil aluminum - magnesium alloy, welding. 1962 construction of the "Tornado" Number coastal hydrofoil use the ribs and sheet rolled into a whole new sheet metal, thus the quality of the hull reduced by 10% to 15%, the captain 46.5m, width 9.0m, 3.0m draft , a displacement of 108t, power 3181kW, speed 92.5km / h.
Since 1928, it has been gradually used in the manufacture of large aluminum superstructure vessel, this year, and the construction of an aluminum alloy material deckhouse. In 1939, the Norwegian freighter cargo capacity 8800t "Fern Plant (Fernplant)" upper deck, portholes and railings numbers are aluminum, with 14t, 40t steel omitted. After World War II, the metallurgical industry has made considerable progress, widespread ship's superstructure made of aluminum alloy, but also for increasing the amount and date, especially some luxury cruise: 1952 United States, "the United Nations (UnitedStates) cruise common the 2000t aluminum, the captain of 305m, width of 37m, a displacement of 5914t, carrying 2,000 people; in 1960 the British built in Australia Lina (Oriana) "number and" Canberra (Canbeera) "No giant cruise were used more than 1000 tons of aluminum timber, the displacement volume of the former 40kt, the latter of 48kt.
Aluminum alloy material is also used in the manufacture of other civilian ships: the early 1950s the British built a number of oil tankers lined plate to 5XXX line 5054 alloy aluminum per ton oil tanker ship 30kt over 1000t; 1951 British-made "Red Rose ( RedRose) "fishing boat aluminum 27t; 1964 Hungarian designed a 100t gold aluminum fishing boat, used primarily for aluminum containing 2.5% ~ 4% Mg aluminum alloy; aluminum barge has also been applied in the 1964 US-built a boat aluminum barge, aluminum applied over 180t, whether or extruded sheet material, are used in 5083 alloy steel barge laden higher than 14%; the tug can be made of aluminum alloy, United States "Sauter (Sauter)" tug shell is welded alloy 5083 and 5086, manufacturing hours shortened by about 30 percent lighter than steel; the Soviet-built train ferry alloy welding using 5056 and 5466; 196 British built two gas transport ship, ship's nine biogas warehouse is made of aluminum alloy welding system.
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